“וַיִּיצֶר יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים אֶת-הָאָדָם, עָפָר מִן-הָאֲדָמָה, וַיִּפַּח בְּאַפָּיו, נִשְׁמַת חַיִּים; וַיְהִי הָאָדָם, לְנֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה”
“Then YHVH God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.”
Man was created from dust, which is a matter of temporary state. If Adam didn’t sin just before Shabbat, he would arrive to Shabbat and correct his body with the light of Chokmah and Binah. He could have achieved immortality. Adam’s failure to follow God’s instructions, brought on him and all of us a temporary state of existence, mortality.
The Resurrection will come after we complete the Tikkun of the world and Mashiach cleanses it from all negativity and impurities. At that time God will ‘shake’ off the ‘dust’ from our bodies and replace it with a matter that is not temporary like the original one.
“הִתְנַעֲרִי מֵעָפָר קוּמִי שְּׁבִי, יְרוּשָׁלִָם; ”
“Shake off your dust; rise up, sit enthroned, Jerusalem.”
Jerusalem is the connection point between the light from the upper levels, Zeir Anpin, to the corporeal world. The Light of the Final Redemption and the Resurrection will appear first in Jerusalem and the land of Israel then spread to the rest of the world.
Those who earned the merit to be resurrected will rise with their original body and go through a transformation. They will be healed from whatever disease that brought death on them. All deformed bodies will have a new and complete form during the process of replacing their old body material with immortal one. They will be conscious to the transformation process and will experience great joy as they are filled with the light of the Endless.
The human body is now like the aspect of the moon, reflecting the light. After the Resurrection the body will be like the sun, shining bright.
The resurrected will receive their cleansed soul in the land of Israel, closer to the holy source of light. At that time the Holy One Blessed Be He will flood the world with all kind of scents from the Garden of Eden as it says in Song of Songs 7:
“הַדּוּדָאִים נָתְנוּ-רֵיחַ, וְעַל-פְּתָחֵינוּ כָּל-מְגָדִים–חֲדָשִׁים, גַּם-יְשָׁנִים; דּוֹדִי, צָפַנְתִּי לָךְ.”
“”The mandrakes have given forth fragrance; And over our doors are all choice fruits, Both new and old, Which I have saved up for you, my beloved.”
Becuase the sense of smell was not involve in the first sin, it will be the first thing we will experience coming from the Garden of Eden.