Rabbi Jacob Joshua Falk

Rabbi Jacob Joshua Falk (Hebrew: יעקב יהושע פלק‎) (also: Yaakov Yehoshua ben Tzvi Hirsch, or Yaakov Yehoshua Falk - see Note on the name "Joshua Falk") 1680 - January 16, 1756) was a Polish and German rabbi and Talmudist, known as the Pnei Yehoshua

Born: Kraków, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth,1680
Died: Offenbach, Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt, 1756

Rabbi Jacob Joshua Falk (Hebrew: יעקב יהושע פלק‎) (also: Yaakov Yehoshua ben Tzvi Hirsch, or Yaakov Yehoshua Falk - see Note on the name "Joshua Falk") 1680 - January 16, 1756) was a Polish and German rabbi and Talmudist, known as the Pnei Yehoshua

Early life

Falk was born in Cracow in 1680 and died in Offenbach am Main in 1756. On his mother's side he was a grandson of Rabbi Yehoshua Heschel b. Yosef of Cracow, the author of Maginne Shelomoh. While a youth he became examiner of the Hebrew teachers of Lemberg. In 1702 his first wife, Leah Landau, his child, Guitel, and his mother were killed through an explosion of gunpowder that wrecked the house in which they lived. Falk himself narrowly escaped death, and was trapped in the debris of the explosion for hours. He later married a second wife, Toba, who bore him four sons and at least two daughters.


He was called to the rabbinate of Tarlow and Lisko, small Galician towns. In 1717 he replaced Rabbi Tzvi Ashkenazi in the chief rabbinate of Lemberg; and thence he was called to Berlin in 1731.

Having displeased Veitel-Heine Ephraim, one of the most influential leaders of the community, by rendering a judgment against him, he was compelled at the expiration of his term of office (1734) to resign. After having been for seven years rabbi of Metz he became chief rabbi of Frankfort-on-the-Main; but the unfavorable attitude of the local authorities toward the Jews, and the fact that the community was divided by controversies, made his position there very precarious.

Emden-Eybeschutz dispute

Soon afterward, the quarrel between Rabbis Yaakov Emden and Yonatan Eybeschütz broke out. Falk strongly opposed Eybeschütz, and was ultimately compelled to leave Frankfurt in 1750, due to the strong support Eybeschütz had there. He wandered from town to town until he came to Worms, where he remained for some years. He was recalled to Frankfurt; but his enemies prevented him from preaching in the synagogue, and he left the city a second time.

Author of Pene Yehoshua

Rabbi Yaakov Yehoshua was one of the greatest Talmudists of his time and his book of commentary and novellae on the Talmud, Pene Yehoshua, is one of the classic works of the era of Acharonim, and it remains an important book in the study of Talmud.

He wrote Pene Yehoshua in four parts. Two of them were published in Frankfurt am Main (1752); the third, with his Pesak bet-Din Chadash, at Fürth (1766); the fourth, which, in addition to Talmudic novellae, contains novellae on the Tur Choshen Mishpat and Likkutim, also in Fürth (1780). Falk mentions writing a commentary on the Pentateuch, but it was never published.


Following his death his body was interred at Jüdischer Friedhof Battonnstraße [de], Frankfurt am Main

May the merit of Rabbi Jacob Joshua Falk protect us all. Amen


Light a virtual Candle
  • Soul Elevations

    • Natalia Quichicocha Cuesta Ruscello bat Juan León Cuesta de la Porte-Petit
    • Arlene bat Sarah
    • אהרן בן מרדכי
    • Patricia Ruth Power bat Avraham
    • Patrick ben Avraham
    • Charles ben Avraham
    • Peggy bat Sarah
    • Julius Maurice Marcus ben Elias
    • Hannah (Nanette) bat Avraham
    • Vera bat Ludmila
    • שרה מלכה בת אהרן
    • Hanna bat Daniel
    • Ruth bat Sarah
    • Luis Carlos ben Margarita
    • Froim Ben Eva ben Efim
    • Clifford ben Avraham
    • משאה רחל בת אהרן
  • Healing

    • Edmond Maurice ben Adèle
    • Guenia bat Vichy
    • Michael ben Regina
    • שמואל שמאי בן רחל
    • Baruch Eric ben Ruth Power
    • Jackie bat Bertha
    • שחר רפאל בן חווה
    • Sanja bat Vesela
    • Elisheba bat Maria
    • משה בן חנה
    • דוד אריק בן מרים
    • Yehudith Mashah bat Miriam
    • Karen bat Ruth
    • Jimmy ben You Ding
    • Kae bat Carol
    • Marianna Mok Ying bat Sarah
    • Stephen ben Harriet
    • Rebecca bat Sanja
    • Dominik ben Miroslava
    • Bracha Chen bat Ana
    • Florrie bat Karen (Kae)
    • Daniel ben Arlene
    • Menachem Mendel ben Ilana
  • Success in life

    • Yosef ben Abraham
    • Salomé bat Sean
    • Uri Jehuda ben David
    • Lorenzo Mario Ruscello and Oliver Dalichau ben Lorenzo Mario
    • Roman ben Iliya Hillel
    • Shmuel Mendel ben Zecharia
    • Gus ben Salvador
    • Itzel De Freitas ben Cirilo
    • דוד אריק בן ברוך
    • Joseph ben Karen
    • Dalit Levanah bat Lara
    • Meirav bat Sean
    • Patrick ben Jane
    • Isabella Devora Abigail bat Abigail
    • Sigalit Shoshana bat Adam Benyamin
    • Lorenzo Ruscello und Oliver Dalichau ben Lorenzo Mario Ruscello ben Lorenzo Mario Ruscello und Oliver Dalichau ben Avraham
    • Graciela bat Ismael
    • Martin ben Jose
    • Stephen ben Harry
    • Nathanial ben Mordechai
    • Florrie bat Stephen
Light a virtual Candle

Hillulot | Biographies | Prayers | Virtual Candle