Tzadikim

Rabbi Akiva Eger

Rabbi Akiva Eger (also spelled as Akiva Eiger), or Akiva Güns, was an outstanding Talmudic scholar, influential halakhic decisor and foremost leader of European Jewry during the early 19th century. 

Born: Eisenstadt, Habsburg Austria 1761
Died: Posen, Kingdom of Prussia, 1837
 

Rabbi Akiva Eger (also spelled as Akiva Eiger), or Akiva Güns, was an outstanding Talmudic scholar, influential halakhic decisor and foremost leader of European Jewry during the early 19th century. 

Life

Eger was born in Eisenstadt - the most important town of the Seven Jewish Communities of Burgenland, Hungary, (now Austria). He was a child prodigy and was educated first at the Mattersdorf yeshiva and later by his uncle, Rabbi Wolf Eger, (1756–1795) (b. 5516, d. 6 Tishrei 5556), at the Breslau (Wrocław) yeshiva, who later became rabbi of Biała Prudnicka and Leipnik. Out of respect for his uncle he changed his surname to Eger. He therefore shared the full name Akiva Eger with his maternal grandfather, the first Rabbi Akiva Eger (1722–1758) (b. 5482, d. 15 Elul 5518), the author of Mishnas De'Rebbi Akiva who was rabbi of Zülz, Silesia from 1749 and Pressburg from 1756.

He was the rabbi of Märkisch Friedland, West Prussia, from 1791 until 1815; then for the last twenty two years of his life, he was the rabbi of the city of Posen (Poznań). He was a rigorous casuist of the old school, and his chief works were legal notes and responsa on the Talmud and the Shulchan Aruch. He believed that religious education was enough, and thus opposed the party which favored secular schools. He was a determined foe of the Reform movement, which had begun to make itself felt in his time.

Progeny
Among his children were his two sons, Abraham (1781–1853) and Solomon (1785–1852), a rabbi in Kalisz, Poland and chief rabbi of Posen from 1837 to 1852. His daughter Sorel (Sarah) Eiger Sofer (1790–1832) (b. 5550, d. 18 Adar II 5592), was the second wife of the Chasam Sofer (1762–1839) rabbi of Pressburg.

An urban legend of sorts has circulated that his son, R. Shlomo, sat shiva for his own son Leibel Eiger when he became a student of the Hasidic Rabbi, Menachem Mendel of Kotzk. Leibel Eiger later left to study under Rabbi Mordechai Yosef Leiner, the author of Mei Shiloach and founder of the Izhbitza-Radzyn dynasty, and became a rebbe (along with Yaakov Leiner) after the death of Rabbi Leiner.

Works
Gilyon HaShas, his notes on the margin of the Talmud (not intended originally for publication)
Tosafot Rabbi Akiva Eiger, his supercommentary on the Mishnah's commentators, Bartenura and Tosafot Yom Tov
Shu"t Rabbi Akiva Eiger, a collection of responsa
Hagahot Rabbi Akiva Eiger, a supercommentary to the Shulchan Aruch's commentators, Magen Avraham and Turei Zahav
Drush veChidush
His commentaries on the Talmud have also been published as Chidushei (novellae of) Rabbi Akiva Eger on Shas

May the merit of the tzadik Rabbi Akiva Eger protect us all. Amen

Light a virtual Candle
  • Soul Elevations

    • Luz Elena bat Rosa Elena
    • Josefa Chanita bat Sarah
    • Miriam Hilda bat Josefa
    • Luis Carlos ben Margarita
    • Abraham ben Yehuda
    • Perla bas bat Shimon
    • Vavel ben Irina
    • Myreah Moore bat Sarah
    • Avraham Esmond ben Elliott
    • Lazar ben Manya
    • Avraham Chaim ben Avraham
  • Healing

    • Judah ben Rachel
    • Sarah ben Michsl
    • Sarah bat Myriam
    • Haim Aron Yousef ben Esther
    • Rachel bat Esther
    • Blanca bat Aurora
    • Ita bat Mariasha Leah
    • Michael Chaim ben Sarah
    • Lucimar da conceicao oliveira bat Isa da conceicao oliveira
    • Rachael bat Karen
    • Sheila bat Helen
    • esther bracha bat chana freyda
    • Karen bat Ruth
    • Chemita ben Florinda
    • Adrian ben María Guadalupe
    • Celia bat Rivka
    • Lucas david coletta Dixon ben Russell Eric Dixon
    • הרב יאשיהו יוסף בן זרי
    • Annie B bat Sarah Imanu
    • Joshua allan dixon ben Russell
    • אברהם בן שרה
    • Ruth bat Miriam
    • Yoseph Mordechai ben Rachel
    • Raisa bat Blor
    • All the world ben Gaia
  • Success in life

    • Shimon. Yitzchak ben Faraj. Yakov
    • Hannah bat Sarah Wanda
    • Yeechiel ben Moshe
    • Kristi Sarah bat Robert David
    • Sarah bat Ismael
    • Juan Carlos ben Crescencio
    • Elisheba bat William Yady
    • Irene bat Marcos ve Eloisa
    • Lorenzo Mario Ruscello Jr ben Lorenzo Mario Ruscello
    • Shalom ben Abraham
    • Shamirah H bat Abraham Avinu
    • שרה בת מנאל
    • Lana Rahil bat Galina Sarah
    • Sandta bat Dagoberto Nicolas
Light a virtual Candle


Hillulot | Biographies | Prayers | Virtual Candle