Zohar Lech Lecha
“וַיַּעֲבֹר אַבְרָם, בָּאָרֶץ, עַד מְקוֹם שְׁכֶם, עַד אֵלוֹן מוֹרֶה; וְהַכְּנַעֲנִי, אָז בָּאָרֶץ”
“Abram passed through the land as far as the site of Shechem, to the oak of Moreh. Now the Canaanite was then in the land.”
The word ‘שכם’, which is a name of a place Shechem is also the Hebrew word for ‘shoulders’. The head is above the shoulders. Rabbi Ashlag explains that “עד מקום שכם” represents the connection of the upper three Sefirot to the lower seven, especially to Chessed, which is the level of Abraham.
Abraham connected himself as the Right column to Shechem that is Left column ‘to the oak of Moreh’, which is the aspect of the Central column. This state opened the channel for God to reveal himself to Abraham with his ‘goodness’ (see above #67).
The Zohar reveals that the Torah mentions ‘the Canaanite was then in the land’ to tell us that before Abraham came to the land the Right and Left columns were separated and the Klipa of Canaan could control the land.
“וַיֹּאמֶר, אָרוּר כְּנָעַן: עֶבֶד עֲבָדִים, יִהְיֶה לְאֶחָיו”
“So he said, “Cursed be Canaan; A servant of servants He shall be to his brothers.”
Canaan’s father, Ham, corrupted his father’s ability to have a fourth child. For that Noah cursed the fourth son of Canaan to serve those who are greater than him. Now that Abraham came to the land Canaan lost his control over the land.
“וַיֵּרָא יְהוָה, אֶל-אַבְרָם, וַיֹּאמֶר, לְזַרְעֲךָ אֶתֵּן אֶת-הָאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת; וַיִּבֶן שָׁם מִזְבֵּחַ, לַיהוָה הַנִּרְאֶה אֵלָיו”
“YHVH appeared to Abram and said, “To your descendants I will give this land.” So he built an altar there to YHVH who had appeared to him.”
Immediately after the Torah tells us that Abraham arrived to Shechem and achieved a new spiritual level, YHVH appeared to Abraham with a promise to give the land to his descendant.
“וַיַּעְתֵּק מִשָּׁם הָהָרָה, מִקֶּדֶם לְבֵית-אֵל–וַיֵּט אָהֳלֹה; בֵּית-אֵל מִיָּם, וְהָעַי מִקֶּדֶם, וַיִּבֶן-שָׁם מִזְבֵּחַ לַיהוָה, וַיִּקְרָא בְּשֵׁם יְהוָה”
“Then he proceeded from there to the mountain on the east of Bethel, and pitched his tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east; and there he built an altar to YHVH and called upon the name of YHVH.”
Abraham continues his elevation process and build a second altar to establish the higher level connection.