Daily Zohar # 2807 – Ekev – In Everything, From Everything, With Everything
8. Raised from the surface.
The surface is Malchut הH and raising the cup is the aspect of the letter Yod י, that is above the baseline of the letters and elevates to Binah.
9. Looking into the cup. This is the secret of the unification of YHVH and ADNY יאהדונהי. The mediation is to have YHVH, Zeir Anpin shines light into the pupil of the eye that is the aspect of ADNY אדני. The light is the YHVH name shines through the colors of the eye, white, red and green that represent Chessed, Gevurah and Tiferet of Zeir Anpin. ADNY is in the eyelids, the pupils and the eye lashes.
10. ‘Broadcast’ the light as a gift to the people in his house. This is the light of Binah that is channeled through the kiddush blessing to the people around the table.
The tenth thing to do with the Shabbat meal is the grace after the meal, ‘Birkat Hamazon’. When three people eat together they need a cup of wine to accompany the blessings. In this special grace we refer to the blessings that the three patriarchs receive from God.
“—just as our forefathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob were blessed in everything, from everything, with everything. So may he bless us all together with a perfect blessing”
The source of their blessings is in the Torah;
Abraham – Chessed – “בכל” “blessed in everything”
“וְאַבְרָהָם זָקֵן בָּא בַּיָּמִים וַיהוָה בֵּרַךְ אֶת אַבְרָהָם בַּכֹּל”
“Now Abraham was old, advanced in age; and the LORD had blessed Abraham in every way.”
Isaac – Gevura – “מכל” “from everything”
“וַיָּבֵא לִי וָאֹכַל מִכֹּל בְּטֶרֶם תָּבוֹא וָאֲבָרֲכֵהוּ גַּם בָּרוּךְ יִהְיֶה”
“and brought it to me, so that I ate of all of it before you came, and blessed him? Yes, and he shall be blessed”
Jacob – Tiferet – “כל” “with everything”
“קַח נָא אֶת בִּרְכָתִי אֲשֶׁר הֻבָאת לָךְ כִּי חַנַּנִי אֱלֹהִים וְכִי יֶשׁ לִי כֹל וַיִּפְצַר בּוֹ וַיִּקָּח”
“Please take my gift which has been brought to you, because God has dealt graciously with me and because I have plenty.” Thus he urged him and he took it.”
The grace after the meal is from the Torah
“וְאָכַלְתָּ וְשָׂבָעְתָּ וּבֵרַכְתָּ אֶת יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ עַל הָאָרֶץ הַטֹּבָה אֲשֶׁר נָתַן לָךְ”
“And you shall eat and be satisfied, and you shall bless YHVH your God for the good land he has given you.”
“the good land he has given you” is to have the first blessing of “Hamotzi..” that was made to give thanks and appreciate the food we are about to eat.
“and you shall bless” is for the first blessing of “Hamotzi Lechem…”
“YHVH your God…” for the second blessings
“for the land…” (from the grace of the meal) is for the third blessing.
The fourth blessing of Birkat Hamazon was added by the sages to commemorate a miracle made by God for the Israelites in the Holy Land.