“וְלָקַח, אֶת-שְׁנֵי הַשְּׂעִירִם; וְהֶעֱמִיד אֹתָם לִפְנֵי יְהוָה, פֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד ”“And he shall take the two goats, and set them before YHVH at the door of the tent of meeting ”
“וְנָתַן אַהֲרֹן עַל-שְׁנֵי הַשְּׂעִירִם, גֹּרָלוֹת–גּוֹרָל אֶחָד לַיהוָה, וְגוֹרָל אֶחָד לַעֲזָאזֵל. ”
“And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats: one lot for YHVH, and the other lot for Azazel. “
On Yom Kippur, the High Priest used to take two goats, one as a sacrifice for making a cleansing connection. The Zohar takes notice that the Torah doesn’t treat the other one as sacrifice but only gives it a destination, which is Azazel.
It is similar to the way Jacob sent offering to Esau to please him and make peace.
“וְאָמַרְתָּ, לְעַבְדְּךָ לְיַעֲקֹב–מִנְחָה הִוא שְׁלוּחָה, לַאדֹנִי לְעֵשָׂו; וְהִנֵּה גַם-הוּא, אַחֲרֵינוּ ”
“then thou shalt say: They are thy servant Jacob’s; it is a present sent unto my lord, even unto Esau; and, behold, he also is behind us ”
The offering is sent to someone and not to God.
The reason for this is that on Yom Kippur we want to keep Sam-ael, who is the minister of the negative side and the prosecutor, away and happy. The High Priest selects two equally fine goats but picks only one of them for sacrifice. The second one is sent to ‘bribe’ Sam-ael. He is happy and busy enjoying his 50% share of the Priest’s work. This keeps him away from the Holy Temple and the High Priest can complete his process of drawing light for the whole world.
“ אִם-רָעֵב שֹׂנַאֲךָ, הַאֲכִלֵהוּ לָחֶם וְאִם-צָמֵא, הַשְׁקֵהוּ מָיִם”
“If your enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat, and if he be thirsty, give him water to drink”
The Zohar gives analogy to a hungry dog, if we don’t want him to bite us, we give him some food and water to avoid being chased and beaten. A satisfied dog will be our friend and love us.
The negative side doesn’t depend on us to have sustenance. After the first sin, God cursed the snake to eat from the dirt of the earth, meaning all of his sustenance comes from the lower level of Malchut.
After the destruction of the Holy Temple we have a lot of ‘dogs’ going after our food, pushing us to make mistakes and drop some light for them to pick. When we draw a lot of light to our life, the other side also benefits from it, but if we stay in the dark they will ‘bite’ us and ask for their share.