The forehead of the skull is the front to visit the wicked for their deeds. The judgments are revealed on the forehead of those who are shameless in their actions. Their forehead becomes red like a rose. When the forehead of Atika is revealed in this forehead, it becomes white as snow. That time is called a time of goodwill for all.
The word for forehead in Hebrew is ‘מצח’.
In the book of legends of Rav Yeva Sava, he said that if they have the merits, their forehead would be the forehead ‘מצח’ of Atik, which is the forehead of Goodwill. If they don’t have merits then the last letter ‘ח’ moves to the middle to make ‘מָחַץ’ that means ‘smite’,’crush’. As it says in Numbers 24:17 “ וּמָחַץ פַּאֲתֵי מוֹאָב וְקַרְקַר כָּל בְּנֵי שֵׁת” “And shall crush (‘מָחַץ’) through the forehead of Moab, And tear down all the sons of Sheth.”
It means that the wicked get their punishments from it.
The word ‘מצח’ ‘forehead’ can be written as ‘נצח’ when replacing the first letter ‘מ’ with ‘נ’ that is the letter that follows it in the sequence of the Hebrew letter. The new word ‘נצח’ is the name of the Sefirah of Netzach. It implies that the supernal Netzach illuminates in the forehead and spreads on the right side of Chessed.
The meaning of the word ‘נצח’ ‘Netzach’ is ‘’win, conquest, overpowers’’ because Netzach overpowers the judgments.
On Shabbat afternoon, Atika Kadisha reveals his forehead, and all judgments are subdued and not manifest.
There are 24 courthouses connected to the forehead. They judge those who are brazen with their actions. They say; Psalms 73:11
“וְאָמְרוּ אֵיכָה יָדַע אֵל וְיֵשׁ דֵּעָה בְעֶלְיוֹן.”
“And they say, “How does God know? And is there knowledge in the Most High?”
The Zohar says that there are twenty courthouses and why to add four? and answers that the four are for the four types of death executed in the lower courthouse. For that reason, the court does not punish a person until he is over twenty years old. In a concealed study we learn that the twenty-four correspond to the twenty-four books of the Bible.
The forehead of Atika Kadisha is revealed on Shabbat afternoon and it’s the best time to connect to the Zohar. Kabbalists say that studying Zohar during that time is worth 10,000 times more than the study during the week.