114. וַיַּכֵּר יוֹסֵף אֶת אֶחָיו וְהֵם לֹא הִכִּרֻהוּ. רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר פָּתַח וְאָמַר, (תהלים מט) לָמָּה אִירָע בִּימֵי רָע עֲוֹן עֲקֵבַי יְסוּבֵּנִי. בֹּא רְאֵה, שְׁלֹשָׁה הֵם שֶׁפּוֹחֲדִים וְלֹא יוֹדְעִים מִמָּה הֵם פּוֹחֲדִים, וּבֵאֲרוּהוּ. אֲבָל מִי שֶׁפּוֹחֵד וְלֹא יוֹדֵעַ מִמַּה הוּא פּוֹחֵד – מִשּׁוּם אוֹתָם הַחֲטָאִים שֶׁלֹּא יוֹדֵעַ שֶׁהֵם חֲטָאִים, וְלֹא מַשְׁגִּיחַ בָּהֶם, וְהוּא פּוֹחֵד מִימֵי רָע.
115. מִי הֵם יְמֵי רָע? אֵלּוּ הֵם הַיָּמִים שֶׁהֵם מִזְדַּמְּנִים בְּאוֹתוֹ רָע, וּמִי הֵם? זֶה [הוּא] יֵצֶר הָרָע, שֶׁהוּא נִקְרָא רָע, וְיֵשׁ לוֹ יָמִים יְדוּעִים שֶׁנִּתֶּנֶת לוֹ רְשׁוּת בָּעוֹלָם לְהַסְטִין לְכָל אוֹתָם שֶׁמְּטַמְּאִים אֶת דַּרְכֵיהֶם. שֶׁמִּי שֶׁבָּא לְהִטָּמֵא – מְטַמְּאִים אוֹתוֹ, וְאֵלֶּה הֵם שֶׁנִּקְרָאִים יְמֵי רָע, וְאֵלּוּ מְמֻנִּים עַל אוֹתָם חֲטָאִים שֶׁדָּשִׁים אוֹתָם בְּנֵי אָדָם בְּעִקְבֵיהֶם.
“וְיוֹסֵף הוּא הַשַּׁלִּיט עַל הָאָרֶץ הוּא הַמַּשְׁבִּיר לְכָל עַם הָאָרֶץ וַיָּבֹאוּ אֲחֵי יוֹסֵף וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲווּ לוֹ אַפַּיִם אָרְצָה.”
“Now Joseph was governor over the land, and it was he who sold to all the people of the land. And Joseph’s brothers came and bowed down before him with their faces to the earth.”
‘Joseph was governor over the land’ (Genesis 42:6) means that Joseph was Yessod of Zeir Anpin and the aspect of the sun that illuminates the Moon, which is Malchut, the female. Joseph sustains Malchut as it says ‘he who provides to all the people of the land’. Joseph represents the river that comes out of Eden (Genesis 2:10) that provides sustenance for all through the channel of Yessod.
From Yessod come out souls for all people, and for that, everyone bows to this place. Yessod is also the source of luck, and everything in this world depends on it.
“לָמָּה אִירָא בִּימֵי רָע עֲוֹן עֲקֵבַי יְסוּבֵּנִי.”
“Why should I fear in the days of evil, When the iniquity at my heels surrounds me?”
The sages say that there are three types of actions that make a person have fear. The Zohar says that in addition there are those who have fear without knowing the source of their fear.
The reason for that is that they have made sins, while not being aware of them. Because of that, he ‘fear in the days of evil’
He asks; what are the ‘days of evil’? and answers that these are the days given to the evil inclination that is called bad, evil.
The evil inclination has known days when he has permission to go after impure people and seduce them to spill their seeds. Those who choose the impure path get more opportunities to be further impure. The evil inclination gets him with all the precepts that he neglects to follow.
At older times, it was easy to feel the energy in the air and distinguish between positive and negative spiritual ‘atmosphere’. With such knowledge, we could protect ourselves. Nowadays, the ‘evil days’ are every day because the evil side is strong in the world. We should always go forward toward the Light, equipped with tools of Light to fight any ‘evil’ on the path. If we stop we allow the impure side to take away from our certainty and break us down. If we turn toward the false comfort of the negative side, we accept the darkness. The gravity force of the evil side gets stronger and we fall, forgetting the pure path, its light, and its protection.
We should fear the fact that we are not perfect and the evil side is trying ‘hunt’ us every moment. When we walk in dark times, we should carry a big source of light with us. The daily study routine is our protection from ‘evil days’.
Friday is a good day to make a ** Donation, especially if you didn’t make a donation in the past week. Giving on Friday, which is an aspect of Yessod, expands the vessel for the Light and honor of Shabbat.
** Your donation doesn’t have to be given to the same place every week. You can alternate or split your donation among those who benefit you spiritually.