124. בֹּא רְאֵה, כָּתוּב גִּבְעַת שָׁאוּל נָסָה. לָמָּה כָּאן שָׁאוּל? אֶלָּא מִשּׁוּם שֶׁהוּא הָרַג אֶת הַכֹּהֲנִים וְגָרַם שֶׁתֵּעָקֵר מִן הָעוֹלָם זְרוֹעַ יָמִין – אַף כָּאן מֵאוֹתוֹ יוֹם לֹא עָבַר אִישׁ בְּאוֹתוֹ מָקוֹם, כְּדֵי שֶׁלֹּא יִסְתַּכֵּן בְּנַפְשׁוֹ. אָמַר לוֹ רַבִּי יוֹסֵי לְרַבִּי חִיָּיא, וְלֹא אָמַרְתִּי לְךָ אוּלַי הוּא אִישׁ גָּדוֹל?
125. פָּתַח וְאָמַר, (משלי ג) אַשְׁרֵי אָדָם מָצָא חָכְמָה. אַשְׁרֵי אָדָם – כְּמוֹ אָנוּ שֶׁמָּצָאנוּ אוֹתְךָ וְיָדַעְנוּ מִמְּךָ דְּבַר חָכְמָה. וְאָדָם יָפִיק תְּבוּנָה – כְּמוֹ אָנוּ שֶׁחִכִּינוּ לְךָ לְהִתְחַבֵּר עִמְּךָ, וְזֶהוּ אָדָם שֶׁמְּזַמֵּן לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא מַתָּנָה בַּדֶּרֶךְ, פְּנֵי הַשְּׁכִינָה, וְעַל זֶה כָּתוּב (משלי ד) וְאֹרַח צַדִּיקִים כְּאוֹר נֹגַהּ. הָלְכוּ.
126. פָּתַח אוֹתוֹ הָאִישׁ וְאָמַר, (תהלים כב) לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר לַה’ הָאָרֶץ וּמְלֹאָהּ וְגוֹ’. לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר בְּמָקוֹם אֶחָד, וּבְמָקוֹם אַחֵר מִזְמוֹר לְדָוִד. מַה בֵּין זֶה לָזֶה? אֶלָּא לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר – הַשִּׁירָה שֶׁאָמַר דָּוִד עַל כְּנֶסֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל. מִזְמוֹר לְדָוִד – הַשִּׁירָה שֶׁדָּוִד אָמַר עַל עַצְמוֹ.
Continued from previous DZ
Another explanation for ‘As yet he will remain at Nob that day’ (Isaiah 10:32) is that ‘that day’ is supernal and represents the Shechina in Malchut that lost her attendants, the priests. Without them, she moved to the Left. The killing of Nob, the city of the priests, raised a judgment that stands until it is corrected. We read that in Isaiah 10:34
“וְנִקַּף סִבְכֵי הַיַּעַר בַּבַּרְזֶל וְהַלְּבָנוֹן בְּאַדִּיר יִפּוֹל.”
“He will cut down the thickets of the forest with iron, And Lebanon will fall by the Mighty One.”
Lebanon is another name for the Holy Temple. It will fall because of the killing of the priests.
“עָבְרוּ מַעְבָּרָה גֶּבַע מָלוֹן לָנוּ חָרְדָה הָרָמָה גִּבְעַת שָׁאוּל נָסָה.”
“They have gone along the ridge, They have taken up lodging at Geba. Ramah was afraid, Gibeah of Saul has fled.”
He explains here that Saul is mentioned here because he killed the priests in Nob, and caused the removal of the Right arm from the world. Because of his sin, the people of his place fled from the Assyrian king.
The man told them that the same negativity created when King Saul killed the priests so the same happened on the way they just avoided. When the layman priests killed the other priest that was spiritually higher than him, he created judgment on the road that made it a dangerous place to pass.
Rabbi Yossi told Rabbi Chiya, this is a great man as I expected earlier.
“אַשְׁרֵי אָדָם מָצָא חָכְמָה וְאָדָם יָפִיק תְּבוּנָה.”
“Happy is the man who finds wisdom, And the man who gains understanding;”
Rabbi Yossi and Rabbi Chiya were happy to meet this man on their way. They said to him ‘Happy is the man’ is us that found you on the way, and learned some wisdom. ‘the man who gains understanding’ is our wish to wait for you and go together.
This is a treasure from the Holy One Blessed be He that let the face of the Shechina to shine on our path, as it is written;
“וְאֹרַח צַדִּיקִים כְּאוֹר נֹגַהּ הוֹלֵךְ וָאוֹר עַד נְכוֹן הַיּוֹם.”
“But the path of the righteous is like the shining sun, That shines ever brighter unto the perfect day.”
That man opened with the verse from Psalms 24:1
“לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר לַיהוָה הָאָרֶץ וּמְלוֹאָהּ תֵּבֵל וְיֹשְׁבֵי בָהּ.”
“A Psalm of David. The earth is YHVH’s, and all its fullness, The world and those who dwell therein.”
He says that in some places we read ‘לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר’ ‘for David a Psalm’, and in some places ‘מִזְמוֹר לְדָוִד’, ‘A Psalm of David’, and asks what is the difference? Then he answers that when it says ‘לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר’ ‘for David a Psalm’ it indicates that the Psalm was made by David for the Congregation of Israel, which is Shechina in Malchut. When it says ‘מִזְמוֹר לְדָוִד’ ‘A Psalm of David’ is when David refers to himself in the Psalm.
Rabbi Yossi and Rabbi Chiya were righteous and had merits to have protection wherever they go. Hashem sent them a man to warn them from walking in a dangerous way. The man looked like a simple person but they were wise to wait for him without judging him by his appearance. Because of that approach, they were saved from harm. the man proved to be a great scholar and shared with them, words of the Torah.
The world is full of negativity and judgments hang everywhere. These judgments are diffused only after they inflict the right amount of pain on people to satisfy the judgments.
To have protection from judgments, we need to elevate our vessels to Chokamah (Wisdom) and Binah (Understanding) through studies and good deeds and have the protection we need.