Except for the Holy One Blessed Be He, everything created in this world has the two aspects of mercy and judgment. The world of Malchut is founded on judgment and God included mercy by connecting Binah to Malchut. The created body is the aspect of Judgment, Left and the soul is aspect of Light, mercy, Right.
Rabbi Echa raise a point that if everything except God has the two aspects then the angels that are created from holy spirit are like all people.
Everything God created has vessel and light. body from Malchut and soul from Binah. The body/vessel is aspect of judgment and Left. The soul is Light, mercy, Right. Even angels that has pure and holy existence/vessel still need the light of Binah to be able to follow with actions.
This duality of Right and Left cause conflicts in the world and our work is to join them together in peace. That is done only by spiritual work, Drawing light to fulfill the vessel and push away judgments.
Rabbi Yosei said that when the time of the Resurrection of the dead comes, the end of all troubles would be after 40.
” אַרְבָּעִים יַכֶּנּוּ, לֹא יֹסִיף”
“Forty lashes may be given him, but not more”
The Israelites completed their journeys in the wilderness, arriving the Holy Land after 40 years. The rain of the Flood stopped after 40 days and nights (Genesis 7:12). Isaac was 40 years old when he took Rebecca to be his wife. Isaac needed to reach a spiritual state and receive light of Neshamah from Binah before connecting it to Rebecca’s vessel and reveal the great light that would be revealed later as Jacob.
The time of the Resurrection would be in the 40th year after the gathering of Israel from all nations. At that time the souls would enter the bodies that will rise from the earth.
40 is an important number that represents a mature spiritual state. The sages tell us that the soul takes hold of the fetus body 40 days after conception and the heart starts beating strongly.
The measurements of the Mikveh that purifies us spiritually connected to the number 40.
Moses stayed 40 days and nights before receiving the Torah.
Keter, Chokmah, Binah and Zeir Anpin with 10 Sefirot each make 40. They construct the light that comes to Malchut.
Life in this world comes with frequent ‘Lashes’. It’s not always easy to handle but we are promised that there will be end to it and the pain will pass with the renewed life at the time of the Resurrection. There’s a custom to get 39 lashes on the eve of Yom Kippur. The Holy Ari used to take 4 lashes for each letter of the name YHVH before Mincha of Erev Yom Kippur. Accepting the lashes helps removing judgments from oneself.
When we feel being ‘lashed’, we should accept the pain and look for personal correction. Some may feel that they had more that 40 lashes but if we correct ourselves we won’t get a repeated ‘lash’.
To develop or break habits we repeat a process for at least 40 days so it will make strong spiritual roots in us and become a positive habit.