81. בֹּא רְאֵה, בַּהִתְעוֹרְרוּת שֶׁלְּמַטָּה, כְּשֶׁמִּתְעוֹרְרִים יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא וְצוֹוְחִים כְּנֶגְדּוֹ, מַה כָּתוּב? וָאֶזְכֹּר אֶת בְּרִיתִי, שֶׁהֲרֵי בַּבְּרִית יֵשׁ זָכוֹר, וְאָז מִתְעוֹרֶרֶת תְּשׁוּקָה לִקְשֹׁר הַכֹּל בְּקֶשֶׁר אֶחָד. כֵּיוָן שֶׁבְּרִית זוֹ מִתְעוֹרֶרֶת, הֲרֵי הַקֶּשֶׁר שֶׁל הַכֹּל מִתְעוֹרֵר. וָאֶזְכֹּר אֶת בְּרִיתִי, לְזַוְּגוֹ בִּמְקוֹמוֹ. וְעַל כָּךְ, לָכֵן אֱמֹר לִבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲנִי ה’.
82. וַיְדַבֵּר ה’ אֶל מֹשֶׁה וְאֶל אַהֲרֹן וַיְצַוֵּם אֶל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאֶל פַּרְעֹה מֶלֶךְ מִצְרָיִם. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אָמַר, אֶל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל – לְהַנְהִיגָם בְּנַחַת כָּרָאוּי. וְאֶל פַּרְעֹה – לִנְהֹג בּוֹ כָּבוֹד, וּפֵרְשׁוּהָ.
“וְגַם הֲקִמֹתִי אֶת־בְּרִיתִי אִתָּם לָתֵת לָהֶם אֶת־אֶרֶץ כְּנָעַן אֵת אֶרֶץ מְגֻרֵיהֶם אֲשֶׁר־גָּרוּ בָהּ׃ ”
“I also established My covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land in which they sojourned.”
The word ‘גָּרוּ’ in ‘אֲשֶׁר־גָּרוּ בָהּ’ ‘which they sojourned’ has the root ‘יגר’ that means ‘fear’. The patriarchs were close to the Holy One Blessed be He, and they feared to lose the connection, so they followed the precepts that are the spiritual laws revealed in the Torah.
Observing the covenant that is the connection between Yessod and Malchut protects us from all kinds of judgments.
The Zohar tells us that the Patriarchs kept the precepts. Even though they lived hundreds of years before the Torah was given to their descendants, they knew the spiritual laws because they were close to God.
Most of us feel when we do something that is against the ‘rules’ of the spiritual system. We avoid evil speech and rush to help people in need. We don’t litter and if we drop a tiny piece of waste, we would stop to pick it up and dispose of it in a proper place. When we get closer to the Light, we see ourselves and our behavior clearly and avoid anything that may cause us a loss of light.
“וְגַם אֲנִי שָׁמַעְתִּי אֶת נַאֲקַת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר מִצְרַיִם מַעֲבִדִים אֹתָם וָאֶזְכֹּר אֶת בְּרִיתִי.”
“לָכֵן אֱמֹר לִבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲנִי יְהוָה וְהוֹצֵאתִי אֶתְכֶם מִתַּחַת סִבְלֹת מִצְרַיִם וְהִצַּלְתִּי אֶתְכֶם מֵעֲבֹדָתָם וְגָאַלְתִּי אֶתְכֶם בִּזְרוֹעַ נְטוּיָה וּבִשְׁפָטִים גְּדֹלִים.”
“Furthermore, I have heard the groaning of the sons of Israel, because the Egyptians are holding them in bondage, and I have remembered My covenant.”
“Say, therefore, to the sons of Israel, ‘I am YHVH, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will deliver you from their bondage. I will also redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments.”
The Holy One Blessed be He heard the groaning of the children of Israel that were suffering under the bondage of the Egyptians. Their despair and cry for salvation awakened the connection to the covenant that is Yessod of Zeir Anpin. This awakening from below activated all the Sefirot of Zeir Anpin to be as one, and connect to Malchut. We read that in Exodus 6:6 when it says “Therefore say to them, ‘I am YHVH’”. The process that revealed YHVH became the force that took the Israelites out of Egypt to freedom.
Every action in Malchut creates a reaction on the spiritual level. It is called in Aramaic “אתערותא דלתתא”, meaning, ‘Awakening from below’. We awaken a Light from above with our prayers, desires, pain, cries. The greater the intensity so is the awakened force from above. Negative awakening from below would attach judgments to the awakened force from above.
Praying while expressing honest pain and cries is a strong way to cause ‘awakening from above’.
Sometimes we receive a gift of “אתערותא דלעילא” that is “Awakening from above”. When a person is in need of a ‘push’, it comes as an awakening from above. He receives some kind of ‘revelation’ to guide him on the proper path below. It comes to people that have their own merits or because their parents or grandparents have in this world or from heavens.
The giving of the Torah on Mount Sinai had the aspect of “Awakening from above”. It gave us the ultimate guide to follow and benefit from the connection to the Torah and the Holy One Blessed be He.