115. אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוּדָה, הַשִּׂמְחָה וְהַשְּׁמִירָה שֶׁל יוֹם הַשַּׁבָּת הֵם עַל הַכֹּל, וּמִשּׁוּם שֶׁהַיּוֹם הַזֶּה מִתְעַטֵּר בְּאַבָּא וּבְאִמָּא, וְנוֹסֶפֶת קְדֻשָּׁה עַל קְדֻשָּׁתוֹ, מַה שֶּׁאֵין כֵּן בִּשְׁאָר הַיָּמִים, שֶׁהֲרֵי הוּא קֹדֶשׁ וּמִתְעַטֵּר בְּקֹדֶשׁ, וּמוֹסִיף קְדֻשָּׁה עַל קְדֻשָּׁתוֹ, מִשּׁוּם כָּךְ הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה הוּא שִׂמְחַת הָעֶלְיוֹנִים וְהַתַּחְתּוֹנִים, כֻּלָּם שְׂמֵחִים בּוֹ, מְמַלֵּא בְרָכוֹת בְּכָל הָעוֹלָמוֹת. כֻּלָּם נִתְקְנוּ (נִזּוֹנוּ) מִמֶּנּוּ. בַּיּוֹם הַזֶּה מְנוּחַת עֶלְיוֹנִים וְתַחְתּוֹנִים. בַּיּוֹם הַזֶּה מְנוּחַת הָרְשָׁעִים בַּגֵּיהִנֹּם.
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During the weekdays we can do work and rest on the seventh day that is the Holy Shabbat. The sages established the ‘Havdalah’, a word that means ‘make distinction’. It is a special ritual and blessing that we do after the Shabbat is over. It connects the holiness that we received on Shabbat to the coming days of the week.
Rabbi Yehuda says that the joy and protection of Shabbat are above all. Zeir Anpin and Malchut unify in holiness on Shabbat and ascend higher to receive additional holiness from the supernal Father and Mother.
The happiness that is revealed on Shabbat fills the upper and lower worlds with blessings. On that day the wicked in Gehenna rest.
The ‘Havdalah’ that we make after Shabbat, is a special connection where we bless the wine, light (Candle) and Myrtle branches to preserve the three extra soul levels we received during Shabbat.
We can use any source of pleasant scent but Myrtle is preferred because it has the energy of Chessed and balance.
In the process of Creation the light that brought life to Zeir Anpin and Adam, came through the ‘nostrils’ of Arich Anpin.
Genesis 2:7 “וַיִּפַּח בְּאַפָּיו, נִשְׁמַת חַיִּים; וַיְהִי הָאָדָם, לְנֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה”
“and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living soul.”
After Shabbat, we start the first day of the week. As we learned before, it’s good to read Patach Eliyahu, ‘Elijah Opened’ to open the ‘gates’.
The fourth meal with Birkat Hamazon connects us to Malchut, King David. It gives us protection and draws light of sustenance to the coming week.
After Shabbat the Klipot rush to restart the fire in Hell and flood the world, looking for ‘victims’. The Havdalah connection helps us in pushing away the Klipot and keeping the Light of Shabbat with us.