“וְהָלַכְתִּי עִמָּכֶם, בַּחֲמַת-קֶרִי; וְיִסַּרְתִּי אֶתְכֶם אַף-אָנִי, שֶׁבַע עַל-חַטֹּאתֵיכֶם”
“then I will act with wrathful hostility against you, and I, even I, will punish you, seven over your sins.”
‘I will punish you..’. Rabbi Aba explains that the punishment would come by ministers or other nations.
‘Even I’ is Zeir Anpin and ‘seven’ is Malchut that together they will rise to save the Israelites and take them out of exile.
The supreme love of the Holy One Blessed be He to the children of Israel can be explained as a king that have a sinful child. The king said; ‘I tried to punish you and you didn’t change your ways, if I send you out of the kingdom you may get hurt by the wild and evil. From now on you and I will go out of the kingdom’.
The Israelites were close to YHVH and enjoyed protection and miracles. The lack of appreciation and going against the laws of the kingdom brought the state of exile on them. In this state they are far from the Light and suffer the consequences but at the same time they have the protection and support of YHVH in a concealed way.