Daily Zohar 3309
93. אָמַר לוֹ רַבִּי יְהוּדָה, טוֹב בָּזֶה שֶׁכָּתוּב אֵל גִּבּוֹר, אֶלָּא אֵל זֹעֵם בְּכָל יוֹם מַהוּ? שֶׁהֲרֵי בְּכָל יוֹם וָיוֹם עוֹמֵד בְּדִין, בֵּין שֶׁבְּנֵי הָעוֹלָם זַכָּאִים, בֵּין שֶׁלֹּא זַכָּאִים. לֹא הָיָה בְיָדוֹ. בָּאוּ וְשָׁאֲלוּ לוֹ לְרַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן. אָמַר לָהֶם, וַדַּאי אֵל זֹעֵם בְּכָל יוֹם, וַהֲרֵי בֵּאֲרוּהָ הַחֲבֵרִים, לְעִתִּים הוּא דִּין וּלְעִתִּים הוּא רַחֲמִים. אִם זוֹכִים בְּנֵי הָעוֹלָם, הֲרֵי אֵל עוֹמֵד, וְהוּא חֶסֶד. וְאִם לֹא זוֹכִים, הֲרֵי אֵל עוֹמֵד, וְנִקְרָא גִּבּוֹר, וְעַל זֶה עוֹמֵד בְּכָל יוֹם.
Continued from previous DZ
The Holy name אֵל represents Chessed/Mercy. Rabbi Chizkiyah explained that the Creator made all the sefirot to have aspects of mercy and judgment. Even if the name אֵל is Chessed, the wicked with their negative actions can turn mercy into judgment.
Rabbi Yehudah didn’t accept this explanation for “God אל is angry every day” and they went to Rabbi Shimon. He explained to them that the verse is true. There are righteous and wicked in the world every day. If the people of the world are on the righteous side then the name אל represents Chessed and mercy that bestowed upon them. If they are not then the judgment from the name reveals the anger of God.
The Endless Light is pure but when it comes from the Endless to the created worlds, it must have vessels to reveal it. The process is gradual and the vessels created are on different levels.
Keter is the purest because it is the first to receive the Light from the endless. The judgment aspect of its vessel is not expressed because the Light is transferred to Chokmah without delays. Chokmah ‘inherits’ the desire to channel the Light so it unifies with Binah immediately to transfer the Light to Binah and manifest it.
Binah holds the light before delivering it down to the lower levels and this is where the aspect of the judgment of the vessel is revealed.
Each of the six sefirot below the upper three reveals different types of judgment/rules until the Light arrives at Malchut where judgment is in full expression because Malchut has a greater desire for the self.