96. וְיִשְׂרָאֵל נִקְרְאוּ אָדָם. וּמִנַּיִן שֶׁיֵּשׁ בָּהֶם בְּהֵמָה וְאָדָם? זֶהוּ שֶׁכָּתוּב (יחזקאל לד) וְאַתֵּן צֹאנִי צֹאן מַרְעִיתִי אָדָם אַתֶּם. וְאַתֵּן צֹאנִי צֹאן מַרְעִיתִי – הֵם עַמֵּי אֲרָצוֹת טוֹבִים מִצַּד הַטּוֹב. אָדָם אַתֶּם – תַּלְמִידֵי חֲכָמִים.
97. וּבְפָסוּק זֶה גַּם רָמוּז לוֹ, (תהלים פא) לוּ עַמִּי שׁוֹמֵעַ לִי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְגוֹ’. אַחַר שֶׁאָמַר עַמִּי, לָמָּה אָמַר יִשְׂרָאֵל? אֶלָא עַמִּי – עַמֵּי הָאֲרָצוֹת. יִשְׂרָאֵל – תַּלְמִידֵי חֲכָמִים וּבִגְלָלוֹ נֶאֱמַר (שמות יד) וּבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל יֹצְאִים בְּיָד רָמָה.
The Erev Rav and those who are not connected to the Tree of Life, won’t benefit at the time Mashiach reins the world. They won’t be able to connect directly to the Tree of Life and have to follow the rules of pure and impure. Instead of having a minister to govern them, they will be under those who are connected to the Tree of Life.
“וְאַתֵּן צֹאנִי צֹאן מַרְעִיתִי אָדָם אַתֶּם אֲנִי אֱלֹהֵיכֶם נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה.”
“You are My flock, the flock of My pasture; you are men (Adam, אדם), and I am your God,” says YHVH GOD.”
The word ‘אדם’,‘Adam’, means ‘man’ and refers to the purpose of Creation. The Israelites are called ‘Adam’, and ‘My flock’ is the people from the good side. ‘Adam’ is a reference to the wise scholars that study and follow the Torah.
“לוּ עַמִּי שֹׁמֵעַ לִי יִשְׂרָאֵל בִּדְרָכַי יְהַלֵּכוּ.”
“If only My people would listen to Me, if Israel would walk My ways,”
The verse addresses ‘My people’ and ‘Israel’ as separate to tell us that it refers to two types of people. ‘My people’ are the people on the Right side, and ‘Israel’ are the wise scholars that connect properly to the Tree of Life.
If we walk the ways of God, we have his protection as declared in the verse that follows.
“כִּמְעַט אוֹיְבֵיהֶם אַכְנִיעַ וְעַל צָרֵיהֶם אָשִׁיב יָדִי.”
“I would quickly subdue their enemies, And turn My hand against their adversaries.”
All ‘good’ people will benefit at the time of Mashiach but those who were connected to the Tree of Life will have a higher spiritual status and be able to support those who are on lower levels.
Many people can be defined as good people. They will have the merits of living and enjoy life when Mashiach reigns the world in peace. Those who built a vessel for the Light of Tree of Life would be able to rise above the rest. It is not about ego and control but about having abilities to do more for others and continue on a path of spiritual growth without worries about sustenance.
The Tree of Life would be for them as a connection to the Mana that is the ultimate and unlimited source sustenance.