122. וְכַמָּה בָּתֵּי דִינִים עוֹבֵר הָאִישׁ כְּשֶׁיּוֹצֵא מֵהָעוֹלָם הַזֶּה? אֶחָד – אוֹתוֹ דִּין עֶלְיוֹן שֶׁאָמַרְנוּ כְּשֶׁיּוֹצֵאת הָרוּחַ מֵהַגּוּף. וְאֶחָד דִּין, כְּשֶׁמַּעֲשָׂיו וּדְבָרָיו הוֹלְכִים לְפָנָיו וְהַכָּרוֹזִים מַכְרִיזִים עָלָיו. וְאֶחָד דִּין כְּשֶׁנִּכְנָס לַקֶּבֶר. וְאֶחָד דִּין הַקֶּבֶר. וְאֶחָד דִּין הַתּוֹלַעַת. וְאֶחָד דִּין הַגֵּיהִנֹּם. וְאֶחָד דִּין הָרוּחַ שֶׁהוֹלֶכֶת וּמְשׁוֹטֶטֶת בָּעוֹלָם וְלֹא מוֹצֵאת מָקוֹם עַד שֶׁיִּשְׁתַּלְּמוּ מַעֲשָׂיו. וַדַּאי שִׁבְעָה עִדָּנִים יַחְלְפוּ עָלָיו. בִּגְלַל זֶה צָרִיךְ הָאָדָם כְּשֶׁהוּא נִמְצָא בָּעוֹלָם הַזֶּה לִירָא מֵרִבּוֹנוֹ וּלְהִסְתַּכֵּל בְּכָל יוֹם וָיוֹם בְּמַעֲשָׂיו, וְיָשׁוּב מֵהֶם לִפְנֵי רִבּוֹנוֹ.
When the soul finishes the disconnection process from all body parts and about to leave the body, the Shechina comes, and the soul that has merits connects to her. Woe to the wicked that are far from the Shechina and can’t connect to her.
When a person leaves the world, he may go through many trials. There is the judgment in the supernal court when the soul leaves the body. Then, judging all past actions and speeches that walk in front of the soul and announcers announce it. Then, the judgment when entering the grave. Then, the judgment in the grave. Then the judgment of the worms that eat his flesh. Then, the judgment in Gehennam. There’s also the judgment of the soul that wanders restlessly in the world until its actions are completely corrected.
These are seven times of judgment that the soul goes through. Knowing this process, one needs to fear the process and examine his actions every day and correct them before leaving this world.
King Soloomon shared his wisdom with us telling us (Ecclesiastes 9:8)
“בְּכָל עֵת יִהְיוּ בְגָדֶיךָ לְבָנִים וְשֶׁמֶן עַל רֹאשְׁךָ אַל יֶחְסָר.”
“See that your garments are white all the time and that there is no lack of oil on your head.”
The meaning of this verse is that our spiritual garments should be ‘white’ from blemishes caused by negative actions and negative speech.
The ‘oil’ is the aspect of the wisdom of the Torah that illuminates our souls and ‘whitening’ our garments.
Rabbi Eliezer said, “Repent one day before your death.”. His disciples asked him: “Does a man know what day he will die?”
He said to them: And indeed, he will repent today lest he dies tomorrow and be found all his days in repentance.
No one knows the day of his death; therefore, he should repent every day for his negative actions.
In the bedtime Shema, we have a section that is considered a repentance