Yibbum ‘ייבום’ is the form of levirate marriage that is a Torah precept. As specified by Deuteronomy 25:5–10, the brother of a man who died without children is asked to marry the widow in order to have a continuation of life for the dead husband.
The soul of the deceased husband is incarnated in the child of the Yibum marriage. The widow becomes a mother to the soul of her husband, and his brother becomes his father.
If either of the parties refuses to go through with the marriage, they are required to go through a ceremony known as Halizah ‘חליצה’.
Yibum is rare nowadays and the Widow and the brother-in-law perform the ceremony of Halitza to release the part of the soul that the first husband left in the woman.
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