Iyar is the second month in the Hebrew Calendar.
Rosh Chodesh – Aspect of Keter
from 2nd of the month to the 8th – aspect of Chokmah
9th to 15th – Binah
16th to 22nd – Zeir Anpin
23rd to End of Month – Malchut

Days of the week and related energy levels
Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
Chessed Gevurah Tiferet Netzach Hod Yessod Malchut
בלע יובב חושם הדד בן בדד שמלה שאול בעל חנן


Verse (Jeremiah 9:23)
Sequence from 42 letters name (Ana B’Choach)
Sefira level Iyar(Female, Gevurah), Chokmah (year 5780) of Yessod (decade) of Hod (Century) of Yessod (Millennia)
Zodiac Sign

 Taurus – ו

Letter of the month


Planet  נוגה – Venus
Tribe Shimon – שמעון
Priestly stone Topaz

Tzadikim for this month


Rabbi Tzvi Hirsch ben Yaakov Ashkenazi

Tzvi Hirsch ben Yaakov Ashkenazi is known as the Chacham Tzvi  was a rabbi and posek, one of the most important rabbis of the late 17th and early  18th century

Chacham Tzvi


Rabbi Shmuel Shmelke HaLevi Horowitz, of Nikolsburg

Rabbi Shmelke of Nikolsburg (1726 Chortkiv, Galicia – 1778 Nikolsburg, Moravia) was one of the great early Chasidic Rebbes. Born Shmuel Horowitz (but commonly known by the diminutive “Shmelke”), he was the oldest son of Rabbi Tzvi Hirsh Horowitz of Chortkiv.

“Reb Shmelke of Nikolsburg”, “Shmuel “Schmelke” (ben Hirsh Halevi) Horowitz of Nikolsburg”, “Rabbi Shmuel”, “Shmilke from Nikelshburg”, “The Nikolsburger Rebbe”, “שמואל שמעלקא הורוביץ”


Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Vitebsk

Chassidic leader, student of the Maggid of Mezritch.



Rabbi Natan Shapira

father of the famous tzaddik, Rabbi Natan Neta Shapira – the Megale Amukot.



Rabbi Shmuel Shmelke Halevi of Nikolsburg

Chassidic leader.

Rebbe, Reb Shmelke


Rabbi Yeshayah Steiner of Kerestir

Grand Rabbi Yeshaya Steiner of Kerestir (1851 – Iyar 3, 1925), was the founder of the Kerestirer Hasidic dynasty



Choni HaMe’agel

A sage from the Second Temple period.



Aryeh Leib ben Moses Zuenz

Rabbi Aryeh Leib Zinz (1768) – 3 Iyar 1833 (known as the Maharal) was a rabbi, Dayan, posek, Rosh Yeshiva and author of many Torah books One of the greatest rabbis of Poland and Eastern Europe in the 19th century.



Rabbi Yosef Dov (Yoshe Ber) Solevetchik of Brisk,

Rabbi Yosef Dov (Yoshe Ber) Solevetchik of Brisk, the Beis Halevi, father of Rabbi Chaim Solevetchik.Yosef Dov (1820-1892) was born in Nisvizh, near Minsk, to Rabbi Yitzchak Zev Soloveitchik.



Rabbi Moshe Zorach Eidelitz of Prague

Rabbi Moshe Zorach Eidelitz of Prague, author of Ohr La’yeshorim, Berurei Hamiddos, and Meleches Machsheves, and Ohr LaYeshraim 



Rabbi Meir Auerbach

Meir Auerbach (1815–1878) was president of the Jewish court at Koło, and author of “Imrei Bina” (Words of Wisdom). He immigrated to Eretz Israel and was appointed the first Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem. and headed the Poland Kollel



Rabbi Levi ben Gershon (Ralbag)

A commentator on Chumash. Though a distinguished Talmudist, Rabbi Levi never held a rabbinical office. He earned a livelihood most probably by the practice of medicine



Rabbi Shlomoh Efraim of Luntchitz

Famous for his Torah commentary named Kli Yakar.

Kli Yakar


Rabbi Raphael Binyamin Levine

Menahel ruchani,  and dayan in the beis din tzeddek of the Ashkenaz-Perushim



Rabbi Isaiah Berlin

Rabbi Isaiah Berlin also is known as Yeshaye Pick (c. October 1725 in Eisenstadt, Kingdom of Hungary – May 13, 1799, in Breslau), was a German Talmudist

Yeshaye Pick


Rabbi Avigdor Kara

Avigdor Kara (also: Abigdor ben Isaac Ḳara, Hebrew אביגדר בן יצק קרא , was a rabbi, Talmudist and Kabbalist



Rabbi Isaac Alfasi

Rabbi Isaac ben Jacob Alfasi ha-Cohen (1013–1103) the Rif (Rabbi Isaac al-Fasi), was an AlgerianTalmudist and posek (decider in matters of halakha – Jewish law

Rif (Rabbi Isaac al-Fasi)


Eli Kohen Gadol (High priest)

Served as Kohen Gadol during the era of the Judges in Israel.



Rabbi Yehudah Tzvi of Stretin

Chassidic leader and the foremost student of Rabbi Uri of Strelisk.



Rabbi Naftali Tzvi Horowitz of Ropshitz

Chassidic leader, teacher of Rabbi Chaim of Sanz. Author of the book ‘Zerah Kodesh’, Chassidic-style commentary on the Torah.

Zera Koidesh


Rabbi Naftali Zvi Horowitz of Ropshitz

Rabbi Naftali Zvi Horowitz of Ropshitz  was born on the day that the Baal Shem Tov died

Naftali of Ropshitz


Rabbi Masud Abuchatzeira

The Mekubal Rabbi Masud Abuchatzeira, zt”l, father of the Baba Sali

father of the Baba Sali


Rabbi Meir Ba’al HaNess

Tanna – Forth generation.



All the Tzadikim



Rabbi Yona Fraenkel Teomim


Rabbi of Grodno and Pinsk, Vienna,

“Kikayon DeYonah”


Rabbi Yona Fraenkel Teomim


Rabbi of Grodno and Pinsk, Vienna,

“Kikayon DeYonah”


Rabbi Yona Fraenkel Teomim


Rabbi of Grodno and Pinsk, Vienna,

“Kikayon DeYonah”


Rabbi Meir Lublin

Rabbi Meir Lublin or Meir ben Gedalia (1558 – 1616) was a Polish rabbi, Talmudist, and Posek (“decisor of Jewish law”). He is well known for his commentary on the Talmud, Meir Einai Chachamim. He is also referred to as Maharam (Hebrew acronym: “Our Teacher, Rabbi Meir”



Rabbi Moshe Chaim Efraim of Sadilkov

Chassidic leader, grandson of the Baal Shem Tov. Author of the book ‘Degel Machaneh Efraim’.

The Degel


Rabbi Yechezkel Halevi Landau

Rabbi Yechezkel ben Yehuda HaLevi Landau was an influential authority in halakha. He is best known for the work Noda Biyhudah (נודע ביהודה).

Noda Biyhudah


Rabbi Chai Tayeb of Tunisia

The chief rabbi of Tunisia, Kabbalist.



Rabbi Meir of Rothenburg

Rabbi Meir of Rothenburg was a German Rabbi, a major author of the tosafot on Rashi’s commentary on the Talmud



Rabbi Meir of Rothenburg

Rabbi Meir of Rothenburg was a German Rabbi and poet, a major author of the tosafot on Rashi’s commentary on the Talmud, known as Meir ben Baruch, the Maharam of Rothenburg

Maharam of Rothenburg


Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai

Tana, student of Rabbi Akiva. Author of the Zohar, the main text of Kabbalah.



Rabbi Shalom Buzaglo

Rabbi Shalom Ben Moses Buzaglo  was a Moroccan kabbalist born in Marrakesh and filled the position of dayyan



Rabbi Moshe Isserles

Head rabbi of the Jewish community in Cracow, Poland. He was a major authority on halachah and wrote the ‘Mappah’ on the ‘Shulchan Aruch’.



Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Rymanov

Chassidic leader. Student of Rabbi Elimelech of Lizensk.



Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Rimanov

The teacher of Naftali Zvi of Ropshitz and Rabbi Tzvi Elimelech Spira of Dinov. His court,  attracted many scholars



Rabbi Mordechai of Chernobyl

Chassidic leader and supporter of the Nistarim (hidden tzaddikim).

Maggid of Chernobyl


Rabbi Mordechai Twersky

Rabbi Mordechai Twersky  known as the Maggid of Chernobyl,   was a   chassidic leader and supporter of the Nistarim (hidden tzaddikim).   

The Maggid of Chernobyl


Rabbi Yaakov Yosef Hakohen Rabinowitz

The Rabbi of two towns, Breznitza and Klobitz



Rabbi Solomon Eliezer Alfandari

Solomon Eliezer Alfandari (Hebrew: שלמה אליעזר אלפנדרי‎‎) (c. 1826 – 1930), also known as the Saba Kadisha (“Holy Grandfather”), was a distinguished rabbi, kabbalist and rosh yeshiva in his native home of Constantinople, and later served as Chief Rabbi of Damascus, Syria Vilayet, and Safed, Beirut Vilayet

Saba Kadisha (“Holy Grandfather”)


Rabbi Binyomin Mendelsohn of Komemius

 Rosh Yeshiva, Rabbi Mendelsohn’s life can be defined in periods of Lilmod, L’Lamed, Lishmor, V’La’Asos.  To learn, teach, watch, and to do.  He embodied all of these.



Rabbi Yaakov ben Yaakov Moshe Lorberbaum of Lissa

Rabbi Yaakov ben Yaakov Moshe Lorberbaum of Lissa  was a Rabbi and Posek

“Ba’al HaChavas Da’as” or “Ba’al HaNesivos” , or as the “Lissa Rav”


Rabbi Yehoshua Asher Rabinovitch

Rabbi Yehoshua Asher Rabinovitch (1798 – 25 Iyar 1862) was the father of the Porisov dynasty, the son of the “Holy Jew” of Peshischa



Rabbi Chaim Hager of Kosov

Toras Chayim


Rabbi Saadia Gaon
Universal leader of Jewry, religious philosopher.



Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzato

kabbalist, ethicist, poet.



Shmuel (Samuel) The Prophet

The last judge of Israel before the Kingdom era. Anointed Shaul as the first king of Israel, and later on King David as his successor.

Shmuel Hanavi